Philip II, byname Philip the Bold, French Philippe le Hardi, (born Jan. 17, 1342, Pontoise, France—died April 27, 1404, Halle, Brabant), duke of Burgundy (1363–1404) and the youngest son of the French king John II the Good. 1248–1271. Philip quickly experienced a reversal, as an epidemic of dysentery hit the French camp[50] and afflicted Philip personally. [Gérard Sivéry] -- Fils de Saint Louis et père de Philippe le Bel, Philippe III (1245-1285) acquit le comté de Toulouse, le Poitou et … and Margaret, daughter of Raymond-Berenger IV., count of Provence, was born on the 3rd of April 1245. Heir to the throne 1260 on the death of his older brother. PHILIP III. 1268–1314. [46] He died without issue and the County of Alençon returned to the royal domain in 1286. Philippe III le Hardi (koning van Frankrijk ; 1245-1285) foaf: familyName foaf: givenName 1269–1276. [65], "Philippe III" redirects here. "[49] Philip, accompanied by his sons, entered Roussillon at the head of a large army. Philip was less successful militarily. [38] The Navarrese populace, unhappy with the pro-French treaty and French governors, formed two rebellious factions, one pro-Castilian, the other pro-Aragonese. C'est le fils de Louis IX, plus connu sous le nom de Saint Louis, et de Marguerite de Provence.A la mort de son frère Louis en 1260, Philippe devient héritier du trône. Initially successful, Philip, his army racked with sickness, was forced to retreat and died from dysentery in Perpignan in 1285. [48] The war took the name "Aragonese Crusade" from its papal sanction; nevertheless, one historian labelled it "perhaps the most unjust, unnecessary and calamitous enterprise ever undertaken by the Capetian monarchy. Clermont Ferrand, Puy-de-Dome, Auvergne, France. Philippe III le Hardi Roi de France. King Philippe III invaded Aragon in early 1285 and briefly captured Girona 7 Sep 1285. 1992-04-23: revised. 1. Pedigree report of Roi Philippe III, "le Hardi" de Valois (de France) III, son of Roi Louis IX de France and Queen Marguerite de Provence, born on April 30th, 1245 in Poissy, Departement des Yvelines, Île-de-France, France. The French fleet was destroyed and the King of France died during an epidemic in Perpignan (1285) to which he had retreated with his army. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271. Children (4) Louis of France. Philip the Bold (French: Philippe le Hardi; Dutch: Filips de Stoute; 17 January 1342 – 27 April 1404) was Duke of Burgundy and jure uxoris Count of Flanders, Artois and Burgundy.He was the fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and Bonne of Luxembourg. He was a candidate for the imperial throne in 1273. Home | Table of Contents | Surnames | Name List, This Web Site was Created 30 Nov 2015 with Legacy 4.0 from Millennia, Louis VIII "Cœur de Lion" CAPET King of France, Philippe III "le Hardi" CAPET, King of France, Philippe IV "le Bel" CAPET, King of France+, Charles CAPET, Comte de Valois et d' Alençon+, Born: 1 May 1245, Poissy, Yvelines, France, Married (1): 28 May 1262, Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-De-Dome, France, Married (2): 21 Aug 1274, Vincennes, Val-De-Marne, Paris, Ile-de-France, Died: 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan, Pyrenees-Orientales, France. 1. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Bradbury states it was Philip's distinct policies and how he implemented them that gained him his nickname, Provisional Government of the French Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philip_III_of_France&oldid=995363858, People of the War of the Sicilian Vespers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Philip IV of France (1268 – 29 November 1314), his successor, married. The Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis records the birth in 1245 "le premier mai, à la fête des apôtres Jacques et Philippe" of Philippe, son of Louis IX King of France. 2 Encyclopædia Britannica: Philip III, King of France. At the age of … He succeeded his uncle in Toulouse 1271. Philip III, byname Philip the Bold, French Philippe le Hardi... king of France (1270–85), in whose reign the power of the monarchy was enlarged and the royal domain extended, though his foreign policy and military ventures were largely unsuccessful.... Philip continued his father’s highly successful administration by keeping in office his able and experienced household clerks. [40], In 1282, King Peter III of Aragon invaded Sicily,[41] instigating the Sicilian Vespers rebellion against King Charles I of Naples,[42] Philip's uncle. [8], According to the terms of the Treaty of Corbeil (1258), concluded on 11 March 1258 between Louis IX and James I of Aragon,[9] Philip was married in 1262 to Isabella of Aragon in Clermont by the archbishop of Rouen, Eudes Rigaud. 1270–1325 . n 1342–1404, duke of Burgundy , noted for his courage at Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War: regent of France for his nephew Charles VI . Langlois’s work Le Règne de Philippe III le Hardi (1887; “The Reign of Philip III the Bold”), emphasizing the political and institutional conditions of 13th-century France, remains one of the best histories of a single reign. [32] Several years later the Treaty of Amiens (1279) with King Edward I restored Agenais to the English. [14], Philip, only 25 years old and stricken with dysentery, was proclaimed king in Tunis. In December, in Trapani, Sicily, Philip's brother-in-law, King Theobald II of Navarre, died. Following the mos Teutonicus custom, his body was divided in several parts, each buried in different places; the flesh was sent to the Narbonne Cathedral, the entrails to La Noë Abbey in Normandy, his heart to the now-demolished Church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris and his bones to Basilica of St Denis, at the time north of Paris.[52]. Prince Robert. In 1284, at the instigation of Pope Martin IV, Philip launched a campaign against Peter III of Aragon, as part of the War of the Sicilian Vespers, in which the Aragonese opposed the Angevin rulers of Sicily. [37] The treaty indicated that Navarre would be administered from Paris by appointed governors. [10], As Count of Orléans, Philip accompanied his father on the Eighth Crusade to Tunis in 1270. He died of fever on the way home. Philippe III, le Hardi, King of France, 1245-1285. [16] A treaty was concluded 5 November 1270 between the kings of France, Sicily and Navarre and the Caliph of Tunis. Hallam states Philip gained his nickname sometime before 1300, due to his prowess in Tunis or Spain. Charles, Count of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 17:13. Langlois’s work Le Règne de Philippe III le Hardi (1887; “The Reign of Philip III the Bold”), emphasizing the political and institutional conditions of 13th-century France, … Philippe IV Roi de France. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. With the Treaty of Orléans, he expanded French influence into the Kingdom of Navarre and following the death of his brother Peter during the Sicilian Vespers, the County of Alençon was returned to the crown lands. ... Philip III then organised an expedition to conquer Aragon but it soon failed. In 1904 he published Manuel de bibliographie historique, 2 vol. [38], In September 1276, Philip, faced with open rebellion, sent Robert II, Count of Artois to Pamplona with an army. Otherness, when used to make a point, also depended on the respective intentions of the authors and the contexts in which arguments were used. [Gérard Sivéry] Home. [26] Upon his return to Paris 23 September 1271, Philip reenacted his father's order that Jews wear badges. [40] Despite the revolt being quickly pacified, it was not until the spring of 1277 that the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon renounced their intentions of matrimony. Philippe III le Hardi. On 28 May 1262, Philip married Isabella, daughter of King James I of Aragon and his second wife Yolande of Hungary. [31] The following year, Roger-Bernard III, Count of Foix, invaded the County of Toulouse, killed several royal officials,[31] and captured the town of Sombuy. [27] His charter in 1283 banned the construction and repair of synagogues and Jewish cemeteries,[28] banned Jews from employing Christians, and sought to restrain Jewish strepiti (chanting too loudly[29]). His funeral monument at St Denis depicts a man with beardless, square-cut features, but lacking character and animation. Paris sous Philippe-le-Bel. [19] She died in Cozenza (Calabria). PHILIPPE LE HARDI III AND IV PHILIPPE THE BEAUTIFUL ONE - COMMON CURRENCY (from 1280) (05/10/1285-29/11/1314) Born in 1245, eldest son of St. Louis, Philip III succeeded him at the age of twenty-five years. Learn about this topic in these articles: discussed in biography. [33] Philip then proceeded on a campaign to devastate and depopulate the County of Foix. RDF/XML (MADS and SKOS) N-Triples (MADS and SKOS) JSON (MADS/RDF and SKOS/RDF) MADS - RDF/XML; MADS - N-Triples; MADS/RDF - JSON; SKOS - RDF/XML; SKOS - N-Triples; SKOS - JSON; MADS/XML; MARC/XML ; Subject Of Works Looking for related works... Contributor To … The testament of "Philippes…Roy de France" is dated Dec 1285 and makes a bequest to "Blanche nostre suer", and also names "la Reine Isabelle jadis nostre demme". Philippe married Infanta doña Isabel DE ARAGÓN, daughter of Jaime I "el Conquistador" PEDREZ King of Aragón, Valencia & Maljorca and Iolanda (Violante) ÁRPÁD Princess of Hungary, on 28 May 1262 in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-De-Dome, France. Philip III (30 Apr 1245 – 5 Oct 1285), called the Bold (French: le Hardi), was the King of France, succeeding his father, Louis IX, and reigning from 1270 to 1285. Philippe II le Hardi synonyms, Philippe II le Hardi pronunciation, Philippe II le Hardi translation, English dictionary definition of Philippe II le Hardi. [36] Faced with an invading army and foreign proposals, Blanche sought assistance from her cousin, Philip. [15] His uncle, Charles I of Naples, negotiated with Muhammad I al-Mustansir, Hafsid Caliph of Tunis. [50] [45] Philip's brother, Peter, Count of Perche, who had joined Charles to suppress the rebellion, was killed in Reggio Calabria. He was a member of the House of Capet. Philippe III, né le 1er mai 1245 et mort en 1285, est le dixième roi de France de la dynastie des capétiens. [36] Henry's widow, Blanche of Artois, was also receiving marriage proposals for Joan from England and Aragon. The French had started a withdrawal when the Aragonese attacked and easily defeated the former at the Battle of the Col de Panissars on 1 October. [53] They had the following children: After the death of Queen Isabella, he married on 21 August 1274 Marie,[53] daughter of the late Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, Duchess of Brabant. Fils de Saint Louis et de Marguerite de Provence, Philippe III le Hardi a le malheur de succéder à un roi prestigieux et d'être finalement mal connu. [19] In April, Theobald's widow and Philip's sister, Isabella, also died.